Persian rugs (also known as Farsh or Ghali in Iran) have a very long history in ancient Persia. Based on the evidence found in the museums, the history of these hand knotted carpets goes back to 500 BC.
Persian rugs are famous around the world for their high quality of wools and natural dyes. The designs that are used in Persian rugs vary from region to region and each design usually specifies its origin.
The materials that are used, the size, and the technique of making knots can be different. Wool, cotton or silk can be used as the foundation or pile material. Even the quality of wools can be different in each region. The quality of the materials, size of the rug, and also the size of the knots affect the price of a rug. It’s obvious that a larger or finer rug is more time consuming so the cost of the labor will rise.
There are two basic kinds of knots that are used in the most Persian rugs. Symmetrical knots (the yarn is passed between two adjacent warps, brought back under one, wrapped around both to form a collar, then pulled through the center so that both ends emerge between the warps), and asymmetrical knots (the yarn is wrapped around only one wrap, then passed behind the adjacent warp so that it divides the two ends of the yarn). The asymmetrical or Persian knot is usually used for finer rugs and is generally more accurate.
3',8" X 5',1"